Staking lets you earn additional assets with your crypto by contributing to the Proof of Stake (PoS) network of a particular asset. When you stake your crypto, you make the underlying blockchain of that asset more secure and more efficient. In exchange, you are rewarded with more assets from that specific network. This return varies depending on the blockchain, what assets you are staking, and through which provider.
To generate staking rewards on a Proof of Stake blockchain, a node has to designate a certain amount of tokens on the network as a stake. This is along the lines of a safety deposit. The chance of that node being chosen to validate the next block is directly proportional to the number of tokens being staked. A node can be maintained by a single user, or nodes can be run by staking providers, pooling stakes from multiple users.
If the node successfully validates a block, it is awarded the staking reward. This is similar to a miner being rewarded in Proof of Work chains. Validators lose part of their stake if they approve a fraudulent transaction — this incentivizes them to only approve valid transactions. Staking allows you to participate in this reward system.
Staking of assets in MEW is provided by various partners. Our partners will not have access to your stake or rewards, but they will be responsible for maintaining your validator. If a validator is down for a prolonged period of time, there are risks of having your staked assets slashed. Therefore, do your own research on our staking providers, and decide for yourself whether you trust them with your stake.
In addition, staked assets and rewards may be locked for a specific amount of time depending on the blockchain, asset, and provider. For example, ETH staked on Eth2 will remain inaccessible until a later stage of Eth2 development, which will happen at some unknown time in the future. It’s very important that you understand all ETH staked during Phase 0 will be unavailable for withdrawal until Eth2 transfers are enabled in a later phase.
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